Formation of Social Entrepreneurship Intention in Malaysia

Page 57 – 69 | Muhammad Hafeez , Rozita Arshad

DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.22.05


Social entrepreneurship is a global phenomenon spreading around the world. The emergence of social entrepreneurship proves that it is able to find a better solution for social problems or issues or challenges that arise in the countries via its change agent known as social entrepreneurs. Social entrepreneurs play a vital role in promoting sustainable and equitable social and economic impacts towards the nations. They are focusing on creating sustainable public wealth rather than just private wealth and business performance. Nevertheless, until today, the social entrepreneurs still have some difficulties in attracting and retaining quality human talent and manpower in delivering social impact towards communities. Due to that, it is important to understand the social entrepreneurship intention among youth in Malaysia and highlight the significant determinants of social entrepreneurship intention. This present study, thus, attempts to understand the tendency of youth in choosing social entrepreneurship as a career path. This study is hopefully can enhance the understanding of social entrepreneurship and specifically social entrepreneurship intention in Malaysia.

Keywords: Social Entrepreneurship, Social Entrepreneurship Intention, Social Entrepreneurs

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Effect Of Market Size, Exchange Rate And Trade Openness Towards Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Inflows: A Case Of Malaysia

Page 50 – 56 | Norsyuhada Azmi

DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.22.04


The purpose of this research is to identify the determinants of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows in Malaysia for the period 1970 – 2014. By doing this research, the significant determinants could be determined and it will enhance the economic performance of the country. The Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method is used in this research. Market size, exchange rate and trade openness are the significant influence the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows in Malaysia. For market size and trade openness, there are positive relationships while for exchange rate it has negative relationship with Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows in Malaysia. In addition, the result from this research can be used by government and policy makers to implement the good policies and as guidelines in decision making for choosing the right policies.

Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment, Market Size, Exchange Rate, Trade Openness

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Determinants of Rule of Law in Northern and Western Europe: An Empirical Study

Page 35 – 49 | Saad Buba, Suryati Ishak, Muzafar Shah Habibullah, Zaleha Mohd Noor

 DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.22.03


This study provides evidences on the determinants of the quality of rule of law in Europe. The selection of the determinants were made based on the criteria used by Alonso and Garcimartin in identifying these factors. Dataset for 17 countries of the Nordic and Western Europe were employed. The results obtained in the estimated model using pooled mean group (PMG) allow us to pull some remarkable inferences. Firstly, education attainment appeared to have positive influence on rule of law. Secondly, income inequality and economic growth revealed significant effects on the quality of rule of law and finally, trade openness deteriorates the quality of rule of law.

Keywords: Rule Of Law, Determinants Of The Rule Of Law, Pooled Mean Group, Nordic, Western Europe

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Rural Primary School ESL Teachers’ Knowledge of Curriculum and Knowledge of Learners: A Case Study

Page 20 – 34 | Moganashwari Kandasamy, Melor Md Yunus, Muhammed Amin Embi

DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.22.02


This is a case study involving four ESL primary school teachers in a rural area. The study intends to explore the ESL teachers pedagogical content knowledge in relation to knowledge of curriculum and knowledge of learners. Methods employed in investigating the teachers pedagogical content knowledge is in relation to semi structured interview, observations and document analysis. The data was analyzed using the Atlas ti. application for systematic analysis. The findings revealed that not all the participants in this study was well versed with the curriculum. Nevertheless, the participants were able to construe what is in the syllabus and could conduct the lesson. However, there was not intense output from the teachers to students based on the content taught. The lesson was carried out on the surface level. As for knowledge on learners, the teachers took into consideration the students background and were concern of the students’ learning problems. The learning problems had been identified by the teachers and measures were taken to resolve the issue. Therefore, the lessons were geared towards students’ ability and the previous knowledge of students. The study recommends the pedagogues to instill the 21st century learning skills efficiently to enhance students learning English in the rural context.

Keywords: ESL Teachers, Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Curriculum, Learners

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Analysis of the Factors affecting Satisfaction of Students in using University Portal: A Case Study of Universiti Utara Malaysia

Page 1 – 19 | Muslim Diekola Akanmu, Ahmad Yusni Bahaudin

DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.22.01


With the advent of many applications on web, students have been equipped with new tools that support interactivity and personalization. Unarguably, portals are among one of the important advancements in this present digital age. This paper therefore aimed to examine the factors affecting student satisfaction with university portal. The factors investigated are: system quality, information quality, user ability and services availability. A self-completion questionnaire was constructed and administered to a sample of 170 students in several faculties. Regression and correlation analysis were employed to determine the relationships and find out which of the factors had the strongest explanatory power. The outcome revealed that service availability, information quality and system quality affect student satisfaction with major determinant happened to be service availability. The respondents used in this study are students; future studies can extend the research to lecturer, both academic and non-academic staff. These results were explained using cultural perspective. Understanding the expectations of the students has positive effects on the performance of the university and increases their satisfaction. This paper also contributes to the current literature by discussing its implications on both researchers and practitioners. The result of this study in the case of user ability posits that cultural education affects satisfaction of students using university portal. Therefore, decision and policy makers should shift their focus on continuous introducing of new services in order to satisfy the students’ needs.

Keywords: Service Quality, User Ability, Student Satisfaction, Service Availability, Information Quality

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