The Influence of Financial Distress, Family Influence, Peer Influence, Life Satisfaction on Saving Money among Malay in Malaysian Public Sector

Page 84– 96 | Nur Khairina Muhamad Husin , Ahmad Martadha Mohamed

DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.21.07


Savings has been found to be low among Malaysians, especially among the working households. Previous research has revealed that there is a change in the pattern of savings and investment of the people due to the rapid economic transformation from resource-based to market-based economy. This study aims to examine the influence of financial distress, family influence, peer influence and life satisfaction on the attitude towards savings among Malay employees in Malaysian public sector. For the sampling technique, a random selection of employees in Malaysian government sector will be applied in this study. Overall, this study aims to obtain total of 860 respondents to be participated in this study. Hence, this study provides knowledge about the pattern of savings among the public sector employees and enables individuals to make savings that can secure their future life

Keywords: Financial Distress, Family Influence, Peer Influence, Life Satisfaction, Attitude Towards Savings

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Developing Instrument to Examine Relational Government Programs in Halal Cosmetic and Personal Care Industry

Page 76 – 83 | Muhammad Hafeez, Rozita Arshad

DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.21.06


The purpose of this article is to describe the development and validation of an instrument to measure government relational programs in halal cosmetic and personal care industry that assume from the element of relational governance in the Transaction Cost Theory. Based on literature and sample development from cosmetic and personal care, 50 respondents were selected that consist of top management (director, managers, and executives) in companies.The data then were analyzed through exploratory factor analysis (EFA). The result found two stable dimensions to measure relational governance arrangement programs (networking programs, information programs). This instrument is important to measure golden opportunity in halal cosmetic and personal care industry.

Keywords: Instrument, Government Relational Programs, Halal Cosmetic and Personal Care Industry

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Developing And Validating An Instrument For Measuring Government Contractual Programs In Halal Cosmetic And Personal Care Industry

Page 66 – 75 | Muhammad Hafeez , Rozita Arshad

DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.21.05


This paper develops an instrument to measure government contractual programs in halal cosmetic and personal care industry. Based on substantive literature reviews on the transaction costs theory, our proposed instrument includes government contractual programs as the element to measure the development Halal cosmetic and personal care industry. To validate the instrument, the data were collected through a survey among 50 respondents from top management (director, managers, and executives) in cosmetic and personal care companies. The data then were analyzed through exploratory factor analysis (EFA). The result found three stable dimensions to measure contractual government programs (regulation programs, inducement programs, innovation programs). This study provides and presents the importance of the role government contractual support programs in growing the development Malaysia Halal Cosmetic and Personal Care Industry.

Keywords: Instrument, Government Contractual Programs, Halal Cosmetic and Personal Care Industry

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The Effect Of Formal And Informal Institutions On Poverty Reduction

Page 50 – 65 | Bugaje, Idris.Bashir, Azmawani Abd. Rahman, Rusmawati, Said., Jo, Ann. Ho, Chindo, Sulaiman

DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.21.04


Despite meaningful achievement with regards to poverty, it is disconcerting that about 1.5 billion people across the globe are multi-dimensionally poor and over 900 million are vulnerable and might be poor in no distance future.  Although having good institution is a prerequisite of the workings of socio-economic conditions of any country, studies on institution focus more on economic growth, happiness, the welfare of the people and others. This paper examined the effect of entrepreneurship-related institutional factors in reducing poverty in 18 selected countries. The study considering the panel nature of the data used adopted generalized method of moments (GMM) over other conventional panel methods. The results show that poverty headcount, poverty gap, squared poverty gap, and watts index are negatively and significantly related to government support and policies, and culture and social norms. Meanwhile, poverty headcount is positively but insignificantly related to governmental programs and taxes and bureaucracy.  However, poverty gap, squared poverty gap, and watts index are negatively related to governmental programs and taxes and bureaucracy are found to have a negative and significant effect on squared poverty gap. The study recommends that government should strengthen its policies supporting entrepreneurship by making policies that are linked towards supporting entrepreneurship and by invariably integrating the informal institutions as they are effective in reducing poverty. Entrepreneurial programs should be targeted at the people who are extremely poor so as to have the desired effect while government should reduce taxes as well as make market entry easy.

Keywords: Formal, Informal institutions, Poverty

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Moderating Effects of Cyberloafing Activity on Innovative Work Behaviour and Lecturers Job Performance

Page 28 – 49 | Ahmad Aliyu Palladan

DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.21.03


The study investigated the moderating g effect of cyberloafing on employee’s innovative work behaviour (IWB) and how it affects their organization performance. To this, sample of the study comprised of 217 lecturers (faculties) from the three tertiary institutions located in the north-eastern Nigeria. Out of 217 questionnaires distributed, 196 were retrieved and 189 were considered for further analysis. This indicate 91.1 % response rate. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted for this study using SmartPLS 3 algorithm to determine the structure of the research model and the hypotheses testing. Findings reveals negative moderating effects of lecturers cyberloafing activity between lectures innovative behaviour and dimensions of lecturer’s job performance.

Keywords: Cyberloafing, Innovative Work Behaviour, Performance, Lecturers, Tertiary Institutions

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Examining the Extent of Formalization on Construction Waste Management, Moderated by Government Policy

Page 9 – 27 | Yusuf Nasidi, L. S. Barau, M. B. Nuhu

DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.21.02


This paper examines the extent of formalization on construction waste management, moderated by the government policy. A quantitative survey method was adopted for this study to obtain data from construction project-based organizations managers in Abuja, Nigeria. A total of 310 questionnaires were personally distributed and out of which 178 were returned and used for data analysis, yielded 57.4 percent response rate. Structural equation model. Partial least square (PLS-SEM 2,0) was used for data analyses. The Cronbach’s Alpha value for the variables ranging from 0.566 to 0.903 indicates a very good reliability of the research instrument. It was found that Formalization is significantly related to construction waste management with the t- value of 5.474, government policy is significantly related to construction waste management with the t-value of 15.283 10% significant level. It was also found that government policy moderates the relationship between the formalization and construction waste management with t- value of 2.603. Both theoretical and practical contributions have been made by this study- the theoretical contribution of this study is the extension of the existing literature about formalization – construction waste management and government policy – construction waste management. The practical contribution is that the extent of formalization is high on construction waste management among construction organizations.

Keywords: Formalization, Government Policy, Construction Waste Management

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The Vakarai Children’s School Education Issues in Post Conflict Scenario: Sri Lanka

Page 1 – 8 | DWRF Begum

DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.21.01


The Sri Lanka war takes time to end 30 years as well the war directly affected the geographical area of North and East in Sri Lanka. End of the war the Sri Lankan government introduced the development projects under name of ‘Northern Spring’ and ‘Eastern Reawakening. The Northern spring development project belongs to the Northern part of Sri Lanka and the Eastern Reawakening project belongs to the east part of Sri Lanka development. The Eastern Reawakening development project includes the all developmental process of the eastern province of Sri Lanka. In this project included the Eastern province children’s educational development. In this paper examine the problem of Vakarai children’s educational activities in the post-conflict scenario. The purpose of this paper is how the children get involved in the education? What kind of the difficulties are they facing to get the school education? How the relationship between the teachers and parents? How are the children behaving among their peer groups? For this research, I collected the data by two ways primary data and secondary data. In the primary data collection is specifically with the Children, parents and school teachers using the structured interview and focus group discussion. The secondary data collection from the governmental organization Reports and literature. However, the Vakarai children are deeply affected by the thirty years of war. Their need some form of the counseling and motivation program of the education.

Keywords: Eastern Reawakening, Northern Spring, School Education, Vakarai Children, Counselling

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