Trend of Human Right Abuse in Nigeria: 1996-2013

Page 70 – 79 | Timothy Onimisi

DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.22.06


This paper seeks to demonstrate the trend in human rights abuse in Nigerian from the 1996 to 2013. The continuous and increasing cases of human right abuse all over the world and in Nigeria particular prompted the enactment of the Human Right Commission of Nigeria. The purposes of this paper therefore the access the complaints of human right abuse received by the commission within the specific period of 1996 to 2013. To achieve the aim of this paper, documents from the Human rights Commission of Nigeria was used, and a number of article were equally used, with a content methodology of analysis. The paper found an increasing trend of complaints of human rights abuse in the country signaling increasing awareness of the activities of the commission. The paper shows  an increasing case of report of human right abuse in the country especially cases relating to dismissal/wrongful termination of appointment, domestic violence, unlawful arrest and detention, non-payment of benefits, child abandonment, cruel/inhuman and degrading, and labor right abuses. However more awareness is needed to capture greater number of unreported abuse in Nigeria.

Keywords:  Human Rights, Human Rights Abuse, Human Right Commission, Complains, Nigeria

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Exploring the Causes of Multidimensional Poverty Indicators in Bauchi State and its Mitigation Strategies

Page 126– 143 | Umar Farouk Musa, Mohamad Ainuddin Iskandar Lee Bin Abdullah, Ratnaria Wahid

DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.21.10


Statistics divulge that multidimensional poverty indicators are apparent in sub-Saharan Africa, while based on region in Nigeria; North-eastern part of the country and Bauchi state recorded 89.5 percent across education, health and standard of living. The main objective of this study is to explore the causes and suggested some strategies for the mitigation of this phenomenon. In achieving this, semi-structured interviews were carried out and generated data from 20 informants whereas eeight interview protocols were developed and the data were analyzed thematically. Findings from the study reveal that unemployment, illiteracy, inadequate infrastructures, poor entrepreneurial initiatives and mismanagement of resources were the causes of poverty in the study area. Concurrently, poor funding, inadequate infrastructure, and capacity building were some of the factors affecting education and health indicators. Increased budgetary allocation, provision of modern learning equipment; medical facilities, better welfare packages, incentives and human resources development were primarily suggested to influence the delivery of qualitative health care and educational service. Public, private partnership, and community coalition efforts shall speed up the living standard of the people in practical terms. The study recommended for the proper utilization of human and capital resource, reestablishment of the state health insurance scheme across formal and informal sectors of the economy.

 Keywords: Causes, Multidimensional Poverty Indicators, Strategies, Bauchi State

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A Perspective On The Prevelance Of Poverty In Katsina State Nigeria: Implication For Rural Development

Page 117– 125 | Salisu Ahmed Kabiru, Rozita Arshad

DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.21.09


Over the years the incidence of poverty has been in the increase defying all government effort. The issues of poverty has become a topical discuss in the world that it occupied a front burner. Poverty in Nigeria has been in the rise as in 2009 the rate of poverty was 53.5, it rose to 62.9 percent in 2010, and in 2016, the rate has reached a time record of 72 percent. The purpose of this study was to provide a clear picture of the extent of poverty in Katsina state in particular and Nigeria in general. The study adopted survey approach and 400 useable questionnaire was utilized for the analysis which was done using descriptive and chi-square analysis. The main findings from the analysis indicates the prevalence of abject poverty in the rural areas of Katsina state. The study recommends that the existing poverty alleviation programs in the state and in Nigeria as a whole should be review in such a way to make the strategy more effective in tackling poverty. The main contribution of this study was its empiricism in confirming the items that measure poverty through factor analysis, and the sample size which was adequate enough for making generalization within regions and among regions.

Keywords: Poverty, Rural Development, Rural Area

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Corruption and Rising Poverty Level in Nigeria

Page 97– 116 | Babayo Sule, Dr Saalah Yakubu Ibrahim, Abdulkadir Ibrahim

DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.21.08


This paper examines the impact of political corruption on increasing poverty in Nigeria. For many decades, Nigeria has been known locally and internationally as one of the corrupt and poverty ridden-countries in the world. Thus, there is a correlation between political corruption and increased level of poverty in Nigeria. The main problem of the research is, resources meant for provision of developmental services and projects for the public are diverted in corrupt practices which not only cause poverty but also increased it. This should not be in a rich country like Nigeria being the six largest oil exporter in the world and a bless country with diverse mineral and adequate human resources. The objective of the work is to study how corruption plays a role in causing and increasing poverty in Nigeria amidst plenty of resources available. The methodology adopted for this research is the use of secondary sources only such as textbooks, journals, reports and online sources. The research discovered that political corruption is a major factor in the paradox of poverty in Nigeria and unless, it is curbed, poverty will continue to increase rendering millions of Nigerians poor and deprived. The research also established that, as political corruption increased, so also poverty level increased which means there is a direct correlation between the two. The research recommends that, for proper poverty eradication, corruption and corrupt practices must be addressed immediately through instituting a mechanism of severe punishment for the offenders and absolute blockage of leakage from government coppers.

Keywords: Corruption, Poverty, Nigeria, Corruption Perception Index, Human Poverty Index

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Formation of Social Entrepreneurship Intention in Malaysia

Page 57 – 69 | Muhammad Hafeez , Rozita Arshad

DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.22.05


Social entrepreneurship is a global phenomenon spreading around the world. The emergence of social entrepreneurship proves that it is able to find a better solution for social problems or issues or challenges that arise in the countries via its change agent known as social entrepreneurs. Social entrepreneurs play a vital role in promoting sustainable and equitable social and economic impacts towards the nations. They are focusing on creating sustainable public wealth rather than just private wealth and business performance. Nevertheless, until today, the social entrepreneurs still have some difficulties in attracting and retaining quality human talent and manpower in delivering social impact towards communities. Due to that, it is important to understand the social entrepreneurship intention among youth in Malaysia and highlight the significant determinants of social entrepreneurship intention. This present study, thus, attempts to understand the tendency of youth in choosing social entrepreneurship as a career path. This study is hopefully can enhance the understanding of social entrepreneurship and specifically social entrepreneurship intention in Malaysia.

Keywords: Social Entrepreneurship, Social Entrepreneurship Intention, Social Entrepreneurs

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Effect Of Market Size, Exchange Rate And Trade Openness Towards Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Inflows: A Case Of Malaysia

Page 50 – 56 | Norsyuhada Azmi

DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.22.04


The purpose of this research is to identify the determinants of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows in Malaysia for the period 1970 – 2014. By doing this research, the significant determinants could be determined and it will enhance the economic performance of the country. The Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method is used in this research. Market size, exchange rate and trade openness are the significant influence the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows in Malaysia. For market size and trade openness, there are positive relationships while for exchange rate it has negative relationship with Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows in Malaysia. In addition, the result from this research can be used by government and policy makers to implement the good policies and as guidelines in decision making for choosing the right policies.

Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment, Market Size, Exchange Rate, Trade Openness

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Determinants of Rule of Law in Northern and Western Europe: An Empirical Study

Page 35 – 49 | Saad Buba, Suryati Ishak, Muzafar Shah Habibullah, Zaleha Mohd Noor

 DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.22.03


This study provides evidences on the determinants of the quality of rule of law in Europe. The selection of the determinants were made based on the criteria used by Alonso and Garcimartin in identifying these factors. Dataset for 17 countries of the Nordic and Western Europe were employed. The results obtained in the estimated model using pooled mean group (PMG) allow us to pull some remarkable inferences. Firstly, education attainment appeared to have positive influence on rule of law. Secondly, income inequality and economic growth revealed significant effects on the quality of rule of law and finally, trade openness deteriorates the quality of rule of law.

Keywords: Rule Of Law, Determinants Of The Rule Of Law, Pooled Mean Group, Nordic, Western Europe

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Rural Primary School ESL Teachers’ Knowledge of Curriculum and Knowledge of Learners: A Case Study

Page 20 – 34 | Moganashwari Kandasamy, Melor Md Yunus, Muhammed Amin Embi

DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.22.02


This is a case study involving four ESL primary school teachers in a rural area. The study intends to explore the ESL teachers pedagogical content knowledge in relation to knowledge of curriculum and knowledge of learners. Methods employed in investigating the teachers pedagogical content knowledge is in relation to semi structured interview, observations and document analysis. The data was analyzed using the Atlas ti. application for systematic analysis. The findings revealed that not all the participants in this study was well versed with the curriculum. Nevertheless, the participants were able to construe what is in the syllabus and could conduct the lesson. However, there was not intense output from the teachers to students based on the content taught. The lesson was carried out on the surface level. As for knowledge on learners, the teachers took into consideration the students background and were concern of the students’ learning problems. The learning problems had been identified by the teachers and measures were taken to resolve the issue. Therefore, the lessons were geared towards students’ ability and the previous knowledge of students. The study recommends the pedagogues to instill the 21st century learning skills efficiently to enhance students learning English in the rural context.

Keywords: ESL Teachers, Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Curriculum, Learners

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Analysis of the Factors affecting Satisfaction of Students in using University Portal: A Case Study of Universiti Utara Malaysia

Page 1 – 19 | Muslim Diekola Akanmu, Ahmad Yusni Bahaudin

DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.22.01


With the advent of many applications on web, students have been equipped with new tools that support interactivity and personalization. Unarguably, portals are among one of the important advancements in this present digital age. This paper therefore aimed to examine the factors affecting student satisfaction with university portal. The factors investigated are: system quality, information quality, user ability and services availability. A self-completion questionnaire was constructed and administered to a sample of 170 students in several faculties. Regression and correlation analysis were employed to determine the relationships and find out which of the factors had the strongest explanatory power. The outcome revealed that service availability, information quality and system quality affect student satisfaction with major determinant happened to be service availability. The respondents used in this study are students; future studies can extend the research to lecturer, both academic and non-academic staff. These results were explained using cultural perspective. Understanding the expectations of the students has positive effects on the performance of the university and increases their satisfaction. This paper also contributes to the current literature by discussing its implications on both researchers and practitioners. The result of this study in the case of user ability posits that cultural education affects satisfaction of students using university portal. Therefore, decision and policy makers should shift their focus on continuous introducing of new services in order to satisfy the students’ needs.

Keywords: Service Quality, User Ability, Student Satisfaction, Service Availability, Information Quality

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The Influence of Financial Distress, Family Influence, Peer Influence, Life Satisfaction on Saving Money among Malay in Malaysian Public Sector

Page 84– 96 | Nur Khairina Muhamad Husin , Ahmad Martadha Mohamed

DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.21.07


Savings has been found to be low among Malaysians, especially among the working households. Previous research has revealed that there is a change in the pattern of savings and investment of the people due to the rapid economic transformation from resource-based to market-based economy. This study aims to examine the influence of financial distress, family influence, peer influence and life satisfaction on the attitude towards savings among Malay employees in Malaysian public sector. For the sampling technique, a random selection of employees in Malaysian government sector will be applied in this study. Overall, this study aims to obtain total of 860 respondents to be participated in this study. Hence, this study provides knowledge about the pattern of savings among the public sector employees and enables individuals to make savings that can secure their future life

Keywords: Financial Distress, Family Influence, Peer Influence, Life Satisfaction, Attitude Towards Savings

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