Capacity Building Resource Apparatus Regional Area in Indonesia: Case Study On Regional Expansion

Page 1 – 17 | Suraji, Muhamad Ali Embi

DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.31.01

Abstract

This study aims to investigate in depth the capacity building of regional expansion and its success. Basically the policy of regional expansion is a policy to provide the best service to the community and the welfare of the region. The issues have arisen when the expansion of areas are not in accordance with the initial objectives of the submission of regional expansion. Especially, the issues related to the development of regional institutional capacity such as a weak quality of regional apparatus resources and regional institutions become crucial to be seen.  This study used case study as qualitative approach through semi-structured interview of seven participants from various levels and professions that affected in regional expansion. In this context, this study requires the development of good institutional and quality of local apparatus resources that focused on the aspect of the placement of regional apparatus in the expansion area that is vital to be explored. As a result, this study gives the implications in terms of improving the quality of human resources and regional management, encouraging local governments to run in accordance with good governance. The inception of the region into an autonomous region requires the role of resource personnel who are reliable, intelligent, innovative, competent, and educated and well-rounded.

Keywords: Capacity Building, Resource Area, Regional Expansion, Indonesia, Case Study

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The State of the Art of E-Wallet Utilization via QR Code: An Empirical Analysis on M40 Millennials in Malaysia

Page 42 – 63 | Foo-Wah Lim, Fakhrorazi Ahmad, Asmat Nizam B Abdul Talib
DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.22.04

Abstract

The Malaysian government is pushing for a cashless society, but going cashless is all the rage now. The electronic wallet (e-wallet) in Malaysia is still in the infancy stage and the reasons to explain the behavioural intention to use e-wallet transaction via Quick Response (QR) code are still remaining unclear. To address these requisites, the purpose of this study is to examine the predictors of the behavioural intention to use e-wallet transaction via QR code among Middle 40 percent (M40) millennials in Malaysia. Thus, this study aims to examine the relationship between facilitating conditions, effort expectancy, performance expectancy and social influence toward the behavioural intention to use e-wallet transaction via QR code. By using self-administered survey, the data were obtained from 487 respondents from M40 millennials in Malaysia. The data were then analyzed utilizing Partial Least Square Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM) technique. The findings indicate that, of all those four elements indicated a positive significant influence on behavioural intention to use e-wallet transaction via QR code. Lastly, performance expectancy was also found to have partial mediation effect between the relationship between effort expectancy and behavioural intention to use e-wallet transaction via QR code among M40 millennials in Malaysia.

Keywords: Electronic Wallet, QR Code, M40 Millennials, Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT), Malaysia

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Liberal Islam In Malaysia: Non-Government Organization Sister In Islam (SIS)

Page 33 – 42 | Nur Izzati Liyana Binti Azizan, Zaheruddin Bin Othman, Ruslan Bin Zainuddin
DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.24.03

Abstract
This paper seeks an understanding to the Liberal Islamic that related to Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in Malaysia. Sister In Islam (SIS) is chosen because it is an established NGO in Malaysia during the late 1980s and SIS were related to Liberal Islam. In addition, its attempts to clarify the link between Sister In Islam and Non-governmental Organization (NGO), which is seen as one of the bodies that fought women and Islam in line with the emergence of Liberal Islam in Malaysia today. This is due to the reality of multi-racial and religious communities in Malaysia that facilitates the spread of Liberal Islam. In this paper, to analyze the data, the model has been modified by using primary data and secondary data through field study and library study. In addition, the available data collected as well as interview methods were also conducted to obtain additional information. Hence, this paper provides knowledge about Liberal Islam to community and it is as a guidelines to every Non-Goverment Organization (NGO) established to comply with the norms and sensibilities of society in Malaysia.

Keywords: Liberal Islam, Sister In Islam (SIS), Non-Government Organization (NGO)

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Muslim Women Issues In Malaysia : Non- Government Organization Sister In Islam (SIS)

Page 78 – 88 | Nur Izzati Liyana Binti Azizan, Zaheruddin Bin Othman, Ruslan Bin Zainuddin
DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.23.06

Abstract

The Sisters In Islam (SIS) volume in producing opinions and suggestions on various issues pertaining to Muslim women in particular has placed SIS among the women’s emancipation group in Malaysia. This can be seen through the main objective of the establishment of SIS, which is to depict and develop a framework of women’s rights in Islam that takes into account women’s experience and reality. This paper focuses on Islamic Muslim women’s issues in Malaysia. The main objectives is regarding the women Islamic issues that are related to Sisters In Islam in Malaysia as a focus. This study attempted to explain the role of Sisters In Islam’s approach as one of the bodies that fought women in Malaysia today. The methodology that was used by analyzing qualitative data research that includes in-depth interview, primary and secondary data. Secondary documentation study is done through the data accessed from various libraries, websites, newspapers and magazines.

Keywords: Sister In Islam (SIS), Non-Government Organization (NGO), Women’s right, Gender Equality

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Analysis of Gender Agricultural Cooperative Societies in Soba Local Government Area Kaduna State, Nigeria

Page 62 – 77 | Imrana hari,  Sani Abubakar Sadiq, Bello Samira

DOI: //dx.doi.org/10.30690/ijassi.23.05

 

Abstract

The aim of this study is to make a comparative analysis of gender agricultural cooperative societies in Soba L.G.A of Kaduna State. A total of 330 samples were randomly selected in the study area. Both descriptive and inferential statiscal techniques such as frequencies, percentages, graphs and paired T-Test were used to analyse the data obtained from the field. The study revealed that, majority of men (32.7%) and women (41.2%) cooperators in the study area are between the ages of 31-40 years, married with different economic activities, but farming represents the dominant occupation of men cooperators (84.2%) while trading represents the dominant occupation of the women cooperators (30.3%). More than (90%) of both men and women cooperators are literate. In terms of contribution to farming activities (35.25%) of male cooperators and (6.7%) of female cooperators are able to produce more than 60 bags after joining cooperatives compared to only (1.8%) male cooperators and (0.6%) female cooperator, before joining cooperatives. The study also reveals diversification of sources of farm inputs for all cooperators after joining farmers cooperatives compared to reliance on only market for (69.1%) men and (68.9%) women before joining farmers’ cooperative society.    Finally, the study reveals that there is significant difference between men cooperators and women cooperators productivity of crops in bags before and after joining farmers’ cooperatives in the study area, since the P-value of men and women cooperators productivity before joining cooperatives is .043 which is less than .05, while the P-value of men and women cooperators productivity after joining farmer cooperatives is .000. Based on the findings, the study recommends for continued support and assistance of government at all levels, NGOs, agencies and relevant individuals to provide modalities to make rural people join cooperatives and assist in the provision of fund, farm inputs and training regardless of gender.

Keywords: Cooperative societies, Farmers cooperators, Agriculture, Farming Activities

 

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Reliability and Validity of Education Infrastructure, NGOs and Rural Development: A Factor Analysis Approach

Page 49 – 61 | Salisu Ahmed Karibu, Rozita Arshad

DOI: //dx.doi.org/10.30690/ijassi.23.04

 

Abstract

Reliability and validity analysis are techniques used in ensuring that the research instrument for a given study is reliable and valid. The purpose of this study was to confirm the reliability and validity of the research instrument through factor analysis techniques. The study adopted survey approach and 400 useable questionnaires were utilized for the analysis using SPSS 24 version. The main findings of the  analysis showed that the measurements were good enough as their Cronbach Alpha value ranges from 0.7 to 0.9, and Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) Test for Sampling Adequacy ranges from 0.6 to 0.9. The main contribution of this study was its empiricism in confirming the reliability and validity of the research instrument. The introduction of NGOs as a moderator for the first time in development studies literature is another contribution and a breakthrough in development studies dicipline.

Keywords: Reliability, Validity, Factor Analysis, Education, NGOs.

 

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Culture and Financial Literacy: Attitude towards Savings among Malay in Malaysian Public Sector

Page 15 – 32 | Nur Khairina Muhamad Husin, Ahmad Martadha Mohamed

DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.24.02

Abstract

Savings among Malaysians are critically low due to many factors that affect their savings behavior especially among the Malays employees. Based on the research conducted previously, it has been identified that the culture can shape the individual patterns of behavior. Therefore, this study will determine the relationship between cultural factors with the attitude towards savings among Malay employees in Malaysian public sector by looking at the financial literacy aspect as one of the component of the culture. For the sampling technique, a random selection of employees in Malaysian public sector will be applied in this study. Overall, this study aims to obtain total of 860 respondents to be participated in this study. Hence, this study provides knowledge about the culture of savings among the Malay employees in Malaysian public sector employees and enables both individuals and the government to identify the best solution to deal with insufficient savings that can secure their life in future.

 

Keywords: Culture, Financial Literacy, Attitude Towards Savings

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Teachers’ Delivery Effectiveness amongst Teachers with different teaching field: Any significant difference?

Page 1 – 14 | Rahida Aini Mohd Ismail, Rozita Arshad, Zakaria Abas

DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.24.01

Abstract

This research was driven by an interest to investigate whether the demographic variable like teaching field have any significant difference on teachers’ delivery effectiveness (TDE) in relation with the implementation of HOTS teaching in the classrooms. The hypothesis H1 was formulated, and tested in this study. The sample size consisted of 410 teachers. Data were analysed using inferential statistics – independent t-test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The weight of statistical evident showed that there is a significant difference amongst teachers with different teaching field and TDE in relation to HOTS implementation in the states of Kedah, Perak, Penang, and Perlis. The overall results showed that there is a significant difference amongst teachers of different teaching field and TDE in the context of classroom management behaviour, classroom management strategy, student attention, students’ review and practice, questioning skills, students’ need progress, teaching method, classroom climate, self-concept in learners, and classroom environment. The results indicated that teachers with different teaching field can influence teachers’ delivery effectiveness.

Keywords: Demographic variables, teaching field, Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS)

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Historical Overview of the Nigeria–Cameroon Bakassi Peninsula Conflict

Page 31 – 48 | Timothy Onimisi

DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.23.03

 

Abstract

The Bakassi Peninsula has been a disputed piece of territory between Nigeria and Cameroon for decades and the source of several conflicts in 1980s and the early 1990s.  The discovery of potential oil reserve in the water surrounding the peninsula has only heightened tensions between the two countries.  This paper examined the historical context in the Bakassi Peninsula conflict between Nigeria and Cameroon, and Ambozian claim, up to the judgment of the International Court of Justice (ICJ in 2002). It employs an historical analysis, with a secondary source of data collection.  This study discovered that the Efik people of Nigeria has historically settled in Bakassi Peninsula, until General Yakubu Gowon the former Nigeria Head of State, overwhelmed by the support which Cameroon extended to Nigeria during her civil war, signed a treaty with Cameroon. And the discovery of oil in the Bakassi Peninsula has only heightened the problem. Based on these findings the researcher recommends that both countries should come together for greater and more productive cross border cooperation in safeguiding the exclusive economy zone. It also recommends closer ties among the Africa countries in order to solve their difference outside the world conventional court and this mechanism will lead to the stronger soci-economic ties amongst the countries.

Keywords: Conflict, Confliction Solution, Bakassi Peninsula, Historical Context, Oil Reserve

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Relationship between Centralization and Construction Waste Disposal among Construction Organizations

Page 16 – 30 | Yusuf Nasidi, A.M. Kamaruddeen, L. S. Barau, M. B. Nuhu

DOI: 10.30690/ijassi.23.02

 

Abstract

This paper examines the relationship between centralization and construction waste disposal in construction waste management. A quantitative method of survey was adopted for this study. A total of 310 questionnaires were distributed personally to project-based organization managers in Abuja Nigeria, out of which 178 were returned   and used for data analysis, yielding 57.4 percent response rate. Structural equation model, Partial least square (PLS-SEM 2.0) was employed for data analysis. The Cronbach’s Alpha value for the variables ranging from 0.855 to 0.909 indicates a very good reliability of the research instrument. The findings show that centralization has significant and positive relationship with construction waste disposal with the t value of 14.950 at 5% significant level. Both practical and theoretical contributions have been achieved in this study; the theoretical contribution is the extension of the existing literature about centralization – construction waste disposal. The practical contribution is that centralization and construction waste disposal is statistically significant and positively related.

Keywords: Centralization, Construction Waste Disposal

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