Page 49 – 61 | Salisu Ahmed Karibu, Rozita Arshad

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Reliability and validity analysis are techniques used in ensuring that the research instrument for a given study is reliable and valid. The purpose of this study was to confirm the reliability and validity of the research instrument through factor analysis techniques. The study adopted survey approach and 400 useable questionnaires were utilized for the analysis using SPSS 24 version. The main findings of the  analysis showed that the measurements were good enough as their Cronbach Alpha value ranges from 0.7 to 0.9, and Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) Test for Sampling Adequacy ranges from 0.6 to 0.9. The main contribution of this study was its empiricism in confirming the reliability and validity of the research instrument. The introduction of NGOs as a moderator for the first time in development studies literature is another contribution and a breakthrough in development studies dicipline.

Keywords: Reliability, Validity, Factor Analysis, Education, NGOs.


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